Many women within the WHO European Region, particularly those of their 40s, are diagnosed at the late stage of Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection when their immune system is already beginning to fail. They’re three to four occasions extra more likely to be recognized late than younger women.
In accordance with information for 2018 released today by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control and the WHO Regional Office for Europe, women accounted for one-third of the 141 000 new HIV diagnoses within the Region, indicating that this population needs more attention in Europe’s prevention and testing efforts.
The HIV epidemic within the Region is pushed by a persistent problem with late diagnosis, and this impacts 54% of recognized circumstances amongst girls. Such late diagnoses are partly a result of comparatively low HIV testing protection and uptake within the Region and are a sign that sexual dangers, together with HIV and different sexually transmitted infections, are usually not being adequately addressed with older adults.
Two-thirds (60%) of the HIV diagnoses amongst ladies in 2018 had been within the age group 30-49 years old. Heterosexual sex was probably the most generally reported HIV transmission mode (92%) amongst women within the Area.
Early diagnosis of HIV permits individuals to start out HIV remedy sooner, which in turn will increase their possibilities of living an extended and wholesome life. As well as, it reduces the chance of transmitting HIV to others since efficient treatment leads to an undetectable viral load, which means that the virus can now not be transmitted to other people.
Improved strategies and systems, making HIV testing more broadly accessible and user-friendly, are required to make sure early diagnoses.